Below you will find a list of words that are often used in the rope industry. In order to help you understand what these words mean in the real world please take a look at the table below. The words in the table appear in alphabetical order.
|Abrasion Resistance||The ability of an object or substance to resist surface wear caused by friction, rubbing, or contact with other objects.|
A noun to describe the structure of a textile formed by the process of braiding.
A verb describing the process of intertwining strands in a to produce a tubular rope structure.
|Breaking or Tensile Strength||The measured load that would be required to break a tense rope.|
A combination of rope mix of different synthetic fibers to form one rope.
A rope consisting of a mix of a number of different synthetic fibers to create one rope.
|Creep||Also known as the ‘taffy effect’, describing the slow flow of synthetic materials when exposed to high temperatures or a large amount of pressure.|
|Crimp||The action of bending, kinking, curling, or waving a fiber, giving it greater loft.|
|Degradation||The loss and limiting of physical properties by a material as a result of damage caused by natural or chemical phenomena, actions, processes, or reactions.|
|Elongation||The deformation of the direction of load as a result of tensile load, usually measured in standard units or as a percentage of the initial length.|
|Extrusion||The process of producing polymer filaments by forcing the material through a die.|
|Fatigue||Degradation of a rope or material caused by fluctuating loads over an extended period of repeated use.|
|Fathom||Unit of measurement equal to approximately six feet.|
|Fiber||A filament, either natural or synthetic, that can be spun into yarn.|
|Hydrolysis||A reaction that can lead to the decomposition of rope materials, involving the attack of water ions on polymeric molecules, leading to a loss of physical properties.|
|Finish||An oil, emulsion, or lubricant that is applied to fibers to prevent damage during the processing of textiles, or to improve the durability of the product during use.|
|Monofilament||A term referring to a synthetic thread or yarn composed of a single strand rather than twisted fibers.|
|Multifilament||A term referring to a synthetic thread or yarn composed of many fine, continuous filaments, produced by the spinning of polymeric material.|
|Polyester||A synthetic fiber notable for its strength and its resistance to UV deterioration. As a result of being less stretchy and elastic than nylon it often lasts longer.|
|Polyethylene||A fiber similar to polypropylene, but heavier and not as strong.|
|Polypropylene||The most economical rope for most requirements which is lightweight, strong, and versatile, being useful for a range of purposes. It is also waterproof, resistant to rot, and it floats.|
|Polymer||A long chain molecule which is used to create synthetic fibers. A polymer is produced when monomers are linked.|
|Rope||A length of thick, strong cord manufactured by twisting strands of natural or synthetic materials.|
|Fiber Rope||A length of thick, strong cord manufactured from strands of fiber that have been braided or twisted.|
|Splice||A term describing the joining of two ropes by inter-weaving strands or braids.|
|Strand||A strand is a collection of yarns twisted together. When strands are twisted or plaited together to form a rope.|
|Torque||One or more force that can produce a twisting or rotating movement.|
|Twist||A term applied to a fiber, yarn, strand, or rope to describe the number of turns around an axis to combine the individual parts in to a larger object or structure.|
|Working Load or Working Strength||The weight, measured in pounds, recommended for safe working conditions.|
|Yarn||A general term used to describe a continuous strand of fibers, filaments, or materials of textile which are suitable for forming a structure via any process.|